Built around 70-72 AD and completed in 80 AD as the Flavian Amphitheater, it was the largest structure ever built during the Roman Empire. The construction started under the reign of Emperor Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. It can hold 50,000 spectators around the elliptical arena. The structure was used for gladiatorial contests, executions, games and other exhibitions. The structure was abandoned after its purpose for the imperial times ended. During the medieval times, sections of the structure were converted into housing, workshops, quarry and even a church. It was also damaged by a major fire and several earthquakes. Additionally, parts of the building were used to build other major structures, including St. Peter Basilica.
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